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Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment- What Are the Complications & Safety Measures

Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment- What Are the Complications & Safety Measures

During the treatment, patients breathe pure oxygen in a high-pressure setting. Usually, the pressure in the chamber is 1.5 to 3 times higher than normal air pressure.

This form of hyperbaric oxygen treatment was first observed in the United States in the early twentieth century. Later, it was used as an antidote to cure deep-sea divers who may have been dehydrated (also called the bends.) It is now used for many conditions, including severe burns and carbon monoxide poisoning. However, as with any medical procedure, there are some risks also involved. But no worries, there are numerous safety precautions also by which you can prevent yourself. Let’s have a look to know all the complications and safety measures.

HBOT’s Possible Side Effects and Complications

You lie on a table in an enclosed chamber and breathe in oxygen as the pressure in the chamber slowly rises. The therapy may last between 3 minutes and 2 hours before the blood pressure returns to normal levels. Some people may feel uncomfortable in the chamber due to the high pressure. Ear discomfort or a popping sensation may be present.

You may need to take a few breaths of fresh air to avoid oxygen poisoning during the therapy and just feel relaxed. This can help limit the amount of oxygen the body’s tissues take in.

Each patient’s oxygen in London dosage should be customized to meet their individual needs. Your healthcare service provider will take into account your age, overall health, and any health issues you may have. This reduces the chance of side effects or complications.

Fatigue and dizziness are two possible side effects of HBOT. Some of the more issues include:

  • Damage to the lungs
  • Inflammation or rupture of the middle ear
  • Damage to the sinuses
  • Nearsightedness, also known as myopia, can be caused by vision changes.
  • Fluid in the lungs, Lung failure, or seizures are all possible outcomes of oxygen poisoning.

In most cases, the side effects are minor as long as:

  • The sessions are limited to no more than two hours each.
  • The chamber’s pressure is less than three times the normal atmospheric pressure. 

HBOT Cautions

It’s not safe for everyone to undergo hyperbaric oxygen therapy. If you have any of the following conditions:

  • People with certain lung diseases are more likely to suffer a collapsed lung.
  • Have a pulmonary embolism
  • Have a sore throat or a fever
  • Have you recently undergone ear surgery or been injured in the ear
  • Annoyed by small spaces (claustrophobia)

How to Stay Safe

Medical staff certified and trained in the proper use of HBOT are the best way to avoid complications. Many healthcare professionals in the UK are not board-certified. The doctor in charge of your treatment must receive special training from the Society for Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine (SUHMS). Ask to see the participant’s certificate of course completion.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy’s Uses

Additionally, it is important to use HBOT only as prescribed. Among the conditions for which HBOT is utilized are the following:

  • Poisoned by carbon monoxide
  • Intoxication with cyanide
  • Concussions inflicted by crushing
  • The most common type of gangrene, gas gangrene, occurs when gas accumulates in the tissues.
  • Sickness from decompression
  • A sudden or traumatic decrease in arterial blood flow
  • Select wound healing
  • Flaps and grafts of skin
  • Infection in a bone 
  • Necrotizing bacterial soft tissue infections are the medical term for this flesh-eating disease.
  • A blood vessel with an air or gas bubble in it. This is known as an embolism of gas or air.
  • Delayed radiation injury
  • Non-healing diabetic skin injuries.

These procedures are generally covered by Medicare and most private insurance plans.  However, this may not always be the case. If you are looking for hyperbaric oxygen therapy london, call your health insurance provider before beginning your treatment.


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